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(N) Respiratory System Parts II

(N) Partes aparato respiratorio II

(N) Partes aparato respiratorio II
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n. larynx

Translation: laringe

Definition of larynx in English

Group of fibrocartilaginous and muscular structures of conical shape, located between the trachea and the pharynx, whose main functions are to protect the lower respiratory tract and produce vocal tones.

Definition of larynx in Spanish

Conjunto de estructuras fibrocartilaginosas y musculares con forma conoide, localizado entre la tráquea y la faringe, cuya función principal es proteger la entrada de las vías respiratorias inferiores y producir la voz.

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n. epiglottis

Translation: epiglotis

Definition of epiglottis in English

Cartilaginous structure that blocks the entrance to the trachea during swallowing, preventing the bolus from passing into it.

Definition of epiglottis in Spanish

Estructura cartilaginosa, cuya función principal es obstruir la entrada a la tráquea durante la deglución y así evitar que el bolo alimenticio pase a esta.

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n. trachea

Translation: tráquea

Definition of trachea in English

Fibrocartilaginous duct of the respiratory system that joins the larynx and the main bronchi, which funnels air during respiration.

Definition of trachea in Spanish

Conducto fibrocartilaginoso del aparato respiratorio que une la laringe y los bronquios principales, cuya función es canalizar el aire durante la respiración.

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n. carina

Translation: carina

Definition of carina in English

Ridge in the shape of a crest, located at the base of the trachea, which separates the right and left openings of the main bronchi.

Definition of carina in Spanish

Relieve con forma de cresta localizado en la base de la tráquea, que separa las aberturas de los bronquios principales.

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n. bronchus

Translation: bronquio

Definition of bronchus in English

Fibrocartilaginous duct that branches from the trachea, which conducts inhaled air to the bronchioles and alveoli within the lung.

Definition of bronchus in Spanish

Conducto fibrocartilaginoso, procedente de la bifurcación de la tráquea, que llega al pulmón, cuya función principal es conducir el aire inspirado a los bronquiolos y, posteriormente, a los alveolos.

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n. bronchiole

Translation: bronquiolo

Definition of bronchiole in English

Small airway that branches from the bronchus, located in the middle part of the lung, whose function is to direct air to the alveoli.

Definition of bronchiole in Spanish

Pequeño conducto, procedente de la ramificación de un bronquio, localizado en la parte media del pulmón, cuya función principal es conducir el aire hasta los alveolos.

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n. alveolus

Translation: alveolo

Definition of alveolus in English

Small, saclike cavity, located at the end of the terminal bronchioles, in which gas is exchanged between the air and the blood.

Definition of alveolus in Spanish

Pequeña cavidad en forma de saco, localizada al final de los bronquiolos terminales, en la que se realiza el intercambio de gases entre el aire y la sangre.