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(N) Parts of the Ear II

(N) Partes del oído II

(N) Partes del oído II
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n. bony labyrinth

Translation: laberinto

Definition of bony labyrinth in English

Osseous cavity located in the inner ear of vertebrates that is comprised of the cochlea and the vestibular system, which aids in the functions of spatial orientation, balance and auditory perception.

Definition of bony labyrinth in Spanish

Cavidad ósea localizada en el oído interno de los vertebrados compuesta por la cóclea, el aparato vestibular y los conductos semicirculares, que contribuye a en la orientación espacial, en el equilibrio y en la percepción auditiva.

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n. cochlea

Translation: cóclea

Definition of cochlea in English

Spiralled, fluid-filled chamber of the bony labyrinth in the inner ear, which converts sound waves received from the middle ear into nerve impulses along the auditory nerve.

Definition of cochlea in Spanish

Estructura en forma de caracola localizada en el oído interno, cuya función principal es realizar la transducción del sonido en impulsos nerviosos.

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n. semicircular canal

Translation: conducto semicircular

Definition of semicircular canal in English

One of three small, fluid-filled tubes of the bony labyrinth, which aids in the sense of balance.

Definition of semicircular canal in Spanish

Tubo de pequeño calibre lleno de fluido, localizado en el laberinto óseo que, conectado a otros dos análogos, contribuye al sentido del equilibrio.

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n. vestibular system

Translation: sistema vestibular

Definition of vestibular system in English

Set of structures, located in the bony labyrinth of the inner ear, that contributes to the functions of balance and spatial orientation, comprised of the vestibule and the three semicircular canals.

Definition of vestibular system in Spanish

Conjunto de estructuras, localizado en el laberinto óseo, que contribuye a las funciones de equilibrio y orientación espacial, compuesto por el vestíbulo y los tres canales semicirculares.

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n. vestibule

Translation: vestíbulo

Definition of vestibule in English

Central chamber of the bony labyrinth that houses the saccule and utricle, which contributes to the senses of balance and spatial orientation.

Definition of vestibule in Spanish

Cámara central del laberinto óseo, donde se alojan el sáculo y el utrículo, que contribuye al equilibrio y la orientación espacial.

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n. Eustachian tube

Translation: trompa de Eustaquio

Definition of Eustachian tube in English

Tube located between the middle ear and the nasopharynx, which equalizes air pressure on both sides of the eardrum and drains mucus from the middle ear.

Definition of Eustachian tube in Spanish

Conducto que comunica el oído medio con la nasofaringe, que equilibra la presión del aire a ambos lados del tímpano y sirve de drenaje para la mucosidad del oído medio.

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n. utricle

Translation: utrículo

Definition of utricle in English

Globular bed of cells, located in the vestibule of the inner ear, which detects horizontal head movements, aiding in balance.

Definition of utricle in Spanish

Conjunto de células localizado en el vestíbulo del oído interno, capaz de detectar movimientos horizontales de la cabeza para contribuir al equilibrio.

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n. saccule

Translation: sáculo

Definition of saccule in English

Globular bed of cells, located in the vestibule of the inner ear, which detects vertical head movements, aiding in balance.

Definition of saccule in Spanish

Conjunto de células localizado en el vestíbulo del oído interno, capaz de detectar movimientos verticales de la cabeza para contribuir al equilibrio.