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(N) Digestive System Parts I

(N) Digestive System Parts I

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n. digestive system

Definition of digestive system in English

Group of organs and structures which transforms food into nutrients that can be absorbed and used by the body's cells.

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n. pharynx

Definition of pharynx in English

Tube with muscular and membranous walls which connects the mouth and the nasal cavity to the esophagus and the larynx respectively, allowing air and food to pass.

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n. epiglottis

Definition of epiglottis in English

Cartilaginous structure that blocks the entrance to the trachea during swallowing, preventing the bolus from passing into it.

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n. esophagus

Definition of esophagus in English

Muscular tube of the digestive system that allows the passage of the alimentary bolus from the pharynx to the stomach.

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n. stomach

Definition of stomach in English

Saclike widening of the gastrointestinal tract, located in many animals between the esophagus and the small intestine, whose main function is the digestion of the alimentary bolus into chyme.

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n. intestine

Definition of intestine in English

Muscular, membranous and tubular organ, located between the stomach and the anus, whose main function is to complete the digestive process, absorbing nutrients and water from ingested food.

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n. small intestine

Definition of small intestine in English

Part of the digestive tract which extends from the gastric outlet to the beginning of the large intestine, whose main function is the digestion and absorption of nutrients from the diet.

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n. large intestine

Definition of large intestine in English

Terminal part of the digestive tract that extends from the end of the small intestine to the anus, whose main functions are the reabsorption of water and minerals and the storage of feces.